A PROJECT ON CAR PARKING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (No of pages: 83)

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Description

CONTENT OF TABLE                      

Chapter-1        

INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT

Chapter-2

OBJECTIVES OF PROJECT

Chapter-3

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Chapter-4

LITERATURE REVIEW

 Chapter-5

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Chapter-6

SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE REQUIREMENT

Chapter-7

DEVELOPMENT TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES

Chapter-8

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING PARADIGM

Chapter-9

SYSTEM DESIGN

Chapter-10

FEASIBILITY STUDY

Chapter-11

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM AND DATA BASE DESING

Chapter-12

SCREENSHOT AND CODING

Chapter-13

TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATION

Chapter-14

CONCLUSION AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENT

Chapter-15

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTRODUCTION:

The car parking management system Aimed to design an efficient parking system, which guides drivers to find an empty parking place in multi-storey car parks, this can be viewed as next generation car parking system. Its gives the driver information about the spaces that are available to park, including the floor and the navigation to the available place in order to reduce the frustration of the driver and decrease the time that they have to look for a space. It will help to minimize the car parking time in places where many vehicles need to be parked; this system proves to be useful in reducing wastage of space and provide a well coordinated parking system. This microcontroller based vehicle parking system enables the parking of vehicles, floor after floor and thus reducing the space used.OBJECTIVES:

  1. To design a system that saves time with improved users options and quality of services.
  2. To design an intelligent car parking system that is efficient and reliable
  • To design a system that is secured and accurate in report processing
  1. To design a system with the flexibility to accommodate new car park users and response to new demands

Problem statement and literature review:

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Car parking today is being done manually. Road transport workers carry out car parking activities manually using paper. It is difficult for car parking officials to find useful information as a result of the current system (manual system) not been effective and efficient to use anymore because the system cannot save, manage and monitor the organization’s information, and generate report. Frustration in locating vacant parking space or getting stuck in traffic effects parking management system optimization and efficiency. Parking patrons do not have knowledge on where the best parking locations are situated, the duration of the operating hours, the projected costs involved and most importantly, whether a parking place will be available when they arrive. Car parking problems become obvious from the moment a customer enters the car park until after they leave the car park. Some of the serious car parking problems includes user behavior, space utilization, engineering design and planning, security and safety to parked vehicles.

LITERATURE REVIEW:

Various authors have looked at developing sensor-based technological solutions to improve the use of parking spaces.

Bagula et al., (2015), intelligent vehicle parking space management systems may be classified according to the type of sensor detection. He distinguishes the systems that only monitor the entry or exit of vehicles from the parking area from the systems that are able to detect whether each parking space is occupied or free. Systems belonging to the first type are easier to deploy and less expensive, appropriate for monitoring the occupancy levels of large outdoor parking areas. Systems belonging to the second type provide more useful and more detailed information to users and may be combined with positioning and guidance services to help locate the available spaces. This type of system is used in indoor parking spaces and is more complex and expensive than the entry and exit monitoring systems, as it requires that each parking space is equipped with sensors and a more sophisticated communications infrastructure. Various parking space management system proposals are described below.

 Tang et al., (2006) proposed a wireless sensor network deployed in indoor car parks that shows the occupancy status of each parking space. Motes (sensor nodes) equipped with acoustic and light sensors are located in each space, and periodically notify whether the space is occupied or available.

Benson et al, (2006) also proposed a network-based wireless sensor system. A communication link is established by ZigBee and the electromagnetic sensors were developed specifically for this system. Lin et al., (2006) proposed vision-based parking management system to manage an outdoor car park using cameras set up around the parking space, sending information, including real-time display, to the ITS Centre database. A scientific solution based on a GPS-based vehicle navigation system and the past and current status of the car park was proposed by Pullola et al., (2007), who modelled the availability of a car park using the Poisson process.

Methodology and references:

METHODOLOGY TO BE USED:

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Research design simply means a search of answers to questions and solutions to problems. It is a prospective investigation. Research is a systematic and logical study of an issue or problem through scientific method. There are various research designs, but descriptive and analytical research design is most suitable for this study.

 

DATA COLLECTION

 

SOURCES OF DATA:

                        1          PRIMARY DATA &

                        2          SECONDARY DATA.

1 PRIMARY DATA:

The primary data would be collected through personnel interviews with experienced development team and other technical head. The required information will be collected in the following technique:

Techniques:

  • On the basis of observations
  • Questionnaire
  • By group discussions.
  • By personnel interviews with head of organization. 
  1. SECONDARY DATA:

Secondly data will be acquired through various sources such as other relevant website.

Techniques:

  • Organizational Manuals
  • Records
  • Documents & Statements
  • Internet

DEVELOPMENT PROCESS:

The hardware is manipulated by an accompanying set of program instructions, or software. Once familiar with hardware and software, the microcontroller will be applied to the problem at hand. I.e. to develop the microcontroller based vehicle parking system.  The block diagram of the 8051 shows all of the features unique to microcontrollers:

  • Internal ROM and RAM
  • I/O ports with programmable pins
  • Timers and counters
  • Serial Data communication

Software Interfaces: Software interface will contain the software GUI for user to interact with the system.

Hardware Interfaces

  • Sensors
  • Lasers
  • Storage and Retrival unit.
  • RF Card Reader
  • RF Smart Card
  • Camera and sensors

.GPS Based Systems

DESIGN TECHNIQUES

Communication  diagrams

Output Design

Block diagram

Sequence Diagrams

Communication Diagrams

Activity Diagrams

Clock circuits

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

 Operating System     :     Windows NT

 Language                  :j2sdk 1.5.

 Technologies         :Java, swings

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