A PROJECT REPORT ON PROMISE AND PERFORMANCE OF ERP AN ORGANISATION (No of pages: 86)
INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
INDUSTRY & RESPONDENTS PROFILE
DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION
FINDINGS & SUGGESTIONS
“ERP is an industry term for the broad set of activities supported by multi-module application software that help a manufacturer or other business mange the important parts of its business, including product planning, parts purchasing , maintaining inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer service, and tracking orders. ERP cans also include application modules for the human resources aspects of a business. Typically, an ERP system uses or is integrated with a relational database system.” Enterprise Resource Planning is the latest high end solution, information technology has lent to business application. The ERP solutions seek to streamline and integrate operation processes and information flows in the company to synergise the resources of an organisation namely men, material, money and machine through information. Initially implementation of an ERP package was possible only for very large Multi National Companies and Infrastructure Companies due to high cost involved.
- To identify the strategic advantages that ERP has brought to the organiza
- To identify the organizational processes that has improved due to ERP implementa
- To study the effectiveness of ERP on the organiza
Problem statement & literature review:
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
Has ERP implementation brought about strategic changes in your organization? This research aims at studying the impact of ERP implementation on the organization functions and performance areas.
LIMITATIONS OF STUDY:
- Research investigation is restricted to selected key personnel of the organization.
- The information given by few personnel deemed to be correct in the beginning, but later on it was found to be partial incorrect, which caused in convenience.
- Many of the respondents gave a negative answer in order to finish the interview quickly, which may affect in the study.
- As the perception level of the respondents has not been tested; it is assumed that all of them have perceived the questions in the correct way.
- Despite of the limitations, maximum care was exercised to make the study scientific & meaningful.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE:
In sum, the 1990s were marked by what we termed package transition in the employment
of business application software. While package business software had already long been in
use, it was in the 1990s with advent of ERP that it began to dominate enterprise decision
throughout the world. By the close of the decade, about half of the large US and European
companies had reportedly developed an ERP system (Cap Gemini Ernst & Young, 1999).
According to AMR Research, total revenue in the enterprise application and service market
in 1999 was US$18.3 billion (Gilbert, 2000).
This is a attempt to design an ERP system which involves an integrated automation of entire processes done in the concerned company .In this present day when companies, irrespective of their market size and market share, are selling in various areas of the world. ERP is a best available solution for them. ERP packages are targeted at everything from small business to largest organizations, and that can be composed of a highly flexible decentralized database and an information system cluster linked by a network. An ERP package can not only handle individual business functions such as accounts, HR and material management, but also the entire range of business functions necessary for the company’s operations
The existing software of the concerned company is not efficient. The expected productivity is not obtained from the system. The employees are finding it difficult to use. The need for the project work aroused due to the expansion plans of the company in meeting the large contracts of the industry. The existing being a manual one, have lot of limitations and disadvantages. Hence the following objectives are laid for the proposed system, which tends to avoid the disadvantages and improve effectiveness efficiency. Some of the constraints which evolved during the course of study are as follows:
- The most significant limitation has been that the actual effectiveness of the services through SAP ERP cannot be just presented by doing the survey in some departments.
- There could be some errors, data collection, data interpretation, and even the environment plays an important role in the outcome of the results.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & REFERENCE:
METHODOLOGY TO BE USED:
TYPE OF RESEARCH:
For the present study, the researcher has based his theme on Exploratory Research. The major emphasis of Exploratory Research is on the discovery of ideas. Through Exploration, the researcher develops concepts more clearly, establish priorities, develop operational definitions, and improve the final research design. This research is both quantitative and qualitative. This study is based on the data would be collected through “In -depth Interview” with key personnel from ERP Implemented Companies.
SOURCES OF DATA:
Data would be collected from various sources; there is a combination of both primary and secondary data that will be used in this research.
(a) Primary Data
The primary data would be collected by conducting “In -depth Interview” with key personnel from 17 ERP implemented companies. Primary data will be collected through questionnaire from 23 companies.
(b) Secondary Data:
The secondary data would be collected as given below process:
- Articles will be sourced from magazines and journals dealing with current issues in ERP.
- Internet & Text books related to ERP & Research Methodology have been a major secondary source for the extraction of the expert’s opinion.
Since this project deals with key personnel from ERP Implemented Companies, Judgment Sampling will be considered appropriate for making projections in the study. Judgment Sampling occurs when a researcher selects sample members to conform to some criterion.
This research will be restricted to a sample size of 30. Since the study deals with ERP implemented companies in Bangalore city only, the sample size of this magnitude serves the purpose.
The primary data has been collected by conducting “In -depth Interview” with key personnel from 17 ERP implemented companies. The data would be collected through this method was adequate enough to make projections in the study.
The primary data will be collected through questionnaires from 23 companies.
TOOLS USED FOR HYPOTHESIS TESTING:
Two related samples test: these tests concern those situations in which persons, objects etc are measured twice.
Null hypothesis H0: There is no increase in efficiency after implementation of ERP.
Alternate hypothesis Ha: There is an increase in efficiency after implementation of ERP.
PLAN OF ANALYSIS:
All data would be collected carefully classified, tabulated and interpreted on the basis of which, tables, charts and graphs will drawn up. Percentages are drawn from the tabulated frequencies and the data have been analyzed.